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What are Telecommunications? Types of Telecommunications Networks

Telecommunications

Telecommunications

Telecommunications is known as they exchange information over considerable distances by electronic means and refer to all types of video, voice, and data transmission.

It is a broad term that includes a wide range of information transmission technologies.

Such as telephones (wired and wireless), microwave radio-link communications, fiber optics, satellites, radio and television transmissions, the Internet, and telegraphs.

Etymology

From the etymological point of view conferring to the online etymological dictionary, telecommunications comes from the Greek prefix “tele.”

Which means distance, and from the Latin “communicate,” which means to share, its everyday use comes mainly from an adaptation of French, given that it was the French engineer and novelist Édouard Estaunié who used it for the first time in his writings in 1904.

Definition of Telecommunications

According to the Oxford English dictionary, telecommunications are communication over a medium: cable, telegraph, telephone, or radio broadcasting.

On the other hand, the RAE describes it as a system for the remote transmission and reception of signals of various kinds by electromagnetic means.

Irrespective of the standard through which it transmits, telecommunications are defining as the communication between at least two points in different places.

If we rely on the ITU definition, telecommunications is the transmission of signals, signs, messages, words, writings, sounds, images, or information of any kind through cables, radio, optical media, or electromagnetic systems.

Telecommunications occur when there is an exchange of information between two participants through the use of technology.

Start of Telecommunications

Stages of a Telecommunication System

A single complete telecommunication circuit consists of two stations, each equipped with a transmitter and a receiver. The transmitter and receiver at any station can be combine into a single device a transceiver.

And also, The signal transmission medium can be through an electrical cable or wire (also known as “copper”), fiber optics, electromagnetic fields, or light.

However, The transmission of free space and the reception of data using electromagnetic fields is wireless communications.

Types of Telecommunications Networks

Moreover, The modest form of telecommunications occurs between two stations, but it is typical for multiple transmitting and receiving stations to exchange data.

However, The Internet is the most significant example of a telecommunications network.

On a smaller scale, examples include:

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